FKIP – Geography Student Association (Himago) Teacher Training and Education Faculty (FKIP) Sebelas Maret University (UNS) Surakarta held an “Online Discussion Room (Rudison)” on Saturday (8/1/2021). With the theme “Observing Semeru Eruption and Realizing GIS for Volcanic Disaster Management”, the discussion was held online through the Zoom Meeting application.
Moderated by Andian Hidayat as the General Chair of Himago FKIP UNS 2020, the discussion presented two speakers. The first speaker was Mukhlis Mustofa, S.Pd., M.Pd. He is a lecturer in the Primary School Teacher Education Study Program (PGSD) at Slamet Riyadi University (Unisri). He presented material with the same title as the discussion theme, namely “Observing Semeru Eruption and Realizing GIS for Volcanic Disaster Management”.
In his presentation, he explained about Indonesia’s vulnerability to natural disasters, the potential and measures for disaster management in Semeru, as well as important notes in mitigation and adaptation to volcanic disasters. According to him, the most dangerous potential of Mount Semeru is a hot cloud avalanche.
“According to an article I read from the online news page Kompas.com, the most dangerous potential from Mount Semeru is a hot cloud avalanche. This is because the very active Mount Semeru forms lava lava. If this lava falls with a very large volume, then can be followed by hot clouds of fall. Plus the eruption that occurs during the rainy season has a greater potential to bring hot clouds of avalanches to the river upstream of Mount Semeru, “said Mukhlis.
Mukhlis added that urgent steps that must be taken to prevent the impact of the eruption of Mount Semeru are mitigation and adaptation. These efforts require community functions, especially geography teachers.
“Technology is important in volcanic disaster mitigation and adaptation, but the most important is the role of the community. Geography teachers have an important role in this. Teach emerging potentials and what adaptations need to be taught to students, for example the dangers of earthquakes. Teaching there should be no wrong concept because students will apply it until they are old,” added Mukhlis.
The second speaker was Ferrari Pinem, S.Si., M.Sc. He is the Coordinator for Disaster Mapping and Climate Change at the Geospatial Information Agency (BIG). He explained the material entitled “Application of Geographic Information Systems for Strengthening Management of Volcano Disaster Management”. In his presentation, he explained the map of the Mount Semeru disaster-prone area, the division of the area and the system for compiling a volcanic disaster-prone map, to the goals and objectives of compiling a volcanic-hazard-prone map.
He explained that the preparation of the volcanic disaster-prone map was aimed at knowing and understanding the condition of land resources and the environment of volcanic protected areas.
“The preparation of the volcanic disaster-prone map aims to identify and understand the condition of land resources and the environment of volcanic protected areas through spatial or spatial monitoring and monitoring of land use,” explained Ferari.
Ferari added that there are three targets in the preparation of a volcanic disaster-prone map.
“There are three targets in the preparation of a volcanic disaster-prone map. First, the availability of geospatial data on land cover in volcanic protected areas in a multitemporal way through the use of available sensory data and drone or UAV shooting. Second, the availability of geospatial information for monitoring or monitoring land use integrated into volcanic protected areas. Lastly, is strengthening disaster mitigation in areas prone to volcanic disasters,” added Ferari.
The discussion ended with a question and answer session guided by a moderator and documentation.
Reporter: Rosantika Utami
Editor: Zalfaa Azalia Pursita